Bank of China Tower

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Height: Occupied
288.3 m / 946 ft
Height: To Tip
367.4 m / 1,205 ft
Height: Architectural
367.4 m / 1,205 ft
Bank of China Tower Outline
Floors Above Ground
Floors Below Ground
# of Elevators
Tower GFA
135,000 m² / 1,453,128 ft²
# of Parking Spaces


Official Name Bank of China Tower
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country China
City Hong Kong
Street Address & Map 1 Garden Road, Central
Building Function office
Structural Material composite
  • Core: Reinforced Concrete
  • Columns: Reinforced Concrete
  • Floor Spanning: Steel
Proposed 1977
Construction Start 1985
Completion 1990
Official Website Bank of China Tower
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
Global Ranking #50 Tallest in the World
Regional Ranking #32 Tallest in Asia
National Ranking #26 Tallest in China
City Ranking #4 Tallest in Hong Kong

Companies Involved

Owner Bank of China Hong Kong
Developer Bank of China
Design I.M. Pei & Partners
Architect of Record Kung & Lee Architects Ltd.
Structural Engineer
Design Leslie E. Robertson Associates
Engineer of Record Valentine, Laurie, and Davis
MEP Engineer
Design Jaros, Baum & Bolles
Engineer of Record Associated Consulting Engineers
Project Manager Sun Chung Building Management
Main Contractor Hong Kong Construction (Holdings) Limited; Kumagai Gumi
Other Consultant
• Acoustics Cerami & Associates
Façade Heintges & Associates
• Fire Rolf Jensen & Associates
• Lighting Fisher Marantz Stone
• Quantity Surveyor Rider Levett Bucknall; Levett & Bailey Chartered Quantity Surveyors Ltd.
• Security Peter McLaughlin Associates
• Traffic Travers Associates
• Vertical Transportation Jaros, Baum & Bolles
• Way Finding Peter X (+C) Inc.
• Wind Alan G. Davenport Wind Engineering Group
Material Supplier
• Ceiling Armstrong World Industries
• Cladding Builders Federal Limited; Josef Gartner & Co
• Construction Hoists Alimak Hek
• Elevator Otis Elevator Company; Mitsubishi Elevator and Escalator
• Façade Maintenance Equipment CoxGomyl
• Fire Proofing Grace Construction Products
• HVAC Shin Nippon Lanka (Pvt) Ltd.
• Sealants Dow Corning Corporation
• Steel Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation

About Bank of China Tower

Arguably one of Hong Kong’s most distinctive buildings, Bank of China Tower is situated in the center of the city’s skyline. At the ground level, the tower is set back from the street to create an inviting pedestrian environment that is convenient, yet secluded from urban congestion. It is surrounded by a broad promenade, and flanked by cooling water gardens intended to muffle the noise of nearby traffic. The building is known for its observation deck on the 43rd floor, which offers unique views of the city from its central vantage point.

The architects were challenged to design a distinctive regional headquarters with a grand banking hall and office space, its use divided between the bank’s operations and tenant leasing. Another challenge in designing the building was to execute the building at the required height, with the added difficulties of building on a site in a typhoon zone, and keeping within fairly tight budget constraints. The solution, involving both creative architecture and engineering, involves an asymmetrical tower that addresses both skyline and street.

Designers looked to the form of bamboo shoots—as symbols of strength, growth, and prosperity—for inspiration. The tower is comprised of four vertical shafts; it emerges from a 52-meter cube and diminishes its mass incrementally, quadrant by quadrant, until a single triangular prism remains. The faceted prism is clad in reflective glass that mirrors the changing sky.

The whole structure is supported by five steel columns at the corners of the building, with the triangular frameworks transferring the weight of the structure onto these five columns. This innovative composite structural system not only resists high-velocity winds, but also realized significant savings in construction time and materials.

CTBUH Initiatives

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings
13 Oct 2016 – CTBUH Research

CITAB-CTBUH Name 2016 China Tall Building Award Recipients
25 Feb 2016 – CTBUH News

CTBUH / Nakheel Asia Tour Report
19-29 Apr 2007 – Tour Report


Skyscrapers in Hong Kong
20 Oct 2016 – Eric Ma, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Research Papers

Tall Buildings of the Future as Seen From the Present
Dec 2019 – 2019 Chicago 10th World Congress Proceedings - 50 Forward | 50 Back

An Overview of Structural & Aesthetic Developments in Tall Buildings Using Exterior Bracing & Diagrid Systems
1 Dec 2016 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 5 Number 4

Other Building Facts

Destroyed in the 2012 film "Battleship".
Battleship Movie Clip #7 - Hong Kong Attack (2012)

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