Salesforce Tower

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Height: Occupied
169 m / 554 ft
Height: To Tip
230 m / 755 ft
Height: Architectural
230 m / 755 ft
Salesforce Tower Outline
Floors Above Ground
Floors Below Ground
# of Elevators
Tower GFA
66,260 m² / 713,217 ft²


Official Name Salesforce Tower
Other Names 110 Bishopsgate, Heron Tower
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country United Kingdom
City London
Street Address & Map 110 Bishopgate
Postal Code EC2
Building Function office
Structural Material steel
Energy Label BREEAM Excellent
Construction Start 2008
Completion 2011
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
Regional Ranking #29 Tallest in Europe
National Ranking #4 Tallest in United Kingdom
City Ranking #4 Tallest in London

Companies Involved

Owner/Developer Heron International PLC
Design Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates
Structural Engineer
Design Arup
MEP Engineer
Design Foreman Roberts
Project Manager Mace Limited
Main Contractor Skanska
Other Consultant
• Cost AECOM
Façade Permasteelisa Group
• Façade Maintenance Lerch Bates Europe
• Planning DP9 Ltd
• Vertical Transportation Lerch Bates Europe
• Wind BMT Fluid Mechanics Ltd.
Material Supplier
• Cladding POHL Group
• Elevator Schindler
• Sealants Sika Services AG

About Salesforce Tower

The design of the tower provides highly flexible work-spaces which support diverse tenant needs. A series of nine three-story “villages” and one six-story “village”—with a full-height atrium at the heart of each—create independent spaces and provide high levels of visual connectivity while maximizing daylight deep into the building adding human scale and a sense of community.

Responding to its urban context, the redevelopment of the Heron Tower site also incorporates significant improvement to circulation and access around its base. On a busy traffic corner, with narrow pavements, the public realm has been enhanced by opening up a pedestrian section to the north, along Houndsditch, animating the space with planting and cafés. Similarly an arcade along Bishopsgate has been created to provide a generous footpath to the busy street and address the Grade II listed St. Botolph’s church opposite. An extension to the public realm is also incorporated at roof-level with dining terraces associated with the public restaurant and bar providing views across London.

Optimizing the core of the building off-set to the south enabled the design of large, open, flexible office spaces, which form the 10 “villages.” Each of the villages is environmentally independent, with its own mechanical and electrical systems, life safety systems and controls so that each can be tuned to exactly the comfort patterns and values of its occupants. In addition the design of the building’s services systems incorporates features that ensure that energy is used efficiently with heat recovery, high efficiency plant and low-energy cooling systems, bringing energy savings, cost benefits and allowing the refit of new technologies in the future. These villages are structurally expressed on the northern face by the stainless steel cross-bracing and articulated to the east and west, animating the façade.

The orientation of the building informed the design of the façades. To the east and west the highly transparent, ventilated façade creates a bio-climatic, energy-efficient enclosure with automatic integral blinds controlling the direct long angle sun. On the south elevation the core serves to protect the building from excessive heat gain and incorporates a photovoltaic array—laminated units on the vertical façade of the scenic passenger lifts and plant areas. This array, covering 3,374 sq m (36,317 sq ft), is the second largest PV array in the United Kingdom and ultimately results in a 2.2% reduction in carbon emissions for the whole building.

The core, positioned to the edge of the building, houses 10 main glazed lifts and two shuttle lifts to the roof level public restaurant and bar. In order to service the relatively large number of small floors efficiently, the building’s elevators incorporate double-deck panoramic high speed lifts with bespoke hall-call destination control software.

The entrance lobby is defined by a dramatic 12 meter (39 foot) long tropical fish aquarium, the largest privately owned aquarium in Europe. It contains 1,200 fish of 67 different species ranging from Green Chromis [60 mm (2.3 in) when fully grown] to Bamboo Sharks [which grow to a maximum of 1200 mm (47 in)].

The durability and solidity of Heron Tower is enhanced by the use of materials; combining stainless steel “linen” finish cladding with neutral/clear glazing. This is translated at street level with a set-back, covered, three-story arcade on Bishopsgate and full-height glazing connecting the street to the building. The mass of the building is also stepped back at the upper levels—at restaurant and bar—cut back in three-story steps up to the highest point at the south west corner, topped by a 28 meter (92 foot) stainless steel mast.

CTBUH Initiatives

Activity at the CTBUH London Conference: Day Three
13 Jun 2013 – Conference

Heron Tower Technical Tour Report
13 Jun 2013 – Tour Report

Heron Tower Chosen as Featured Building
Apr 2012 – Featured Tall Building

More Initiatives

CTBUH Initiatives Related to Salesforce Tower

CTBUH London Conference: Day Three Activity
13 Jun 2013, London – Conference
Tall Building Industry Gathers in London See the highlights from the tall building event of the year…
Heron Tower Technical Tour Report
13 Jun 2013, London – Tour Report
Heron Tower is a world-class office building at the heart of London’s financial district. Stretching 230 meters into the London skyline, the 46-story building is the tallest in the City of London.
Heron Tower Chosen as Featured Building
Apr 2012, London – Featured Tall Building
Ten years in the making, the project finds itself well fit into its urban landscape and brings new vitality to the city.
London Report: Bucking a Western Trend?
Jul 2011, London – Tour Report
Executive Director Antony Wood visited the UK in July for the inaugural meeting of a future CTBUH UK Chapter and other endeavors.


Constructing Tall Buildings in the European Context
12 Jun 2013 – Paul Chandler, Skanska

Interview: Marketing of Tall Buildings
19 Sep 2012 – William Murray, Wordsearch

MFREE-S Closed Cavity Façade: Cost- Effective, Clean, Environmental
19 Sep 2012 – Henk de Bleecker, Group R&D Manager, Permasteelisa Group

Research Papers

A “Fabric-First” Approach to Sustainable Tall Building Design
Jun 2017 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 6 Number 2

The Special Nature of the European Skyscraper
Jun 2013 – CTBUH Journal, 2013 Issue II

Debating Tall: Is UNESCO Going Too Far?
27 Apr 2012 – CTBUH Journal, 2012 Issue II

More Papers

Papers Related to Salesforce Tower

Papers Related to Salesforce Tower

A “Fabric-First” Approach to Sustainable Tall Building Design
Jun 2017 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 6 Number 2; Philip Oldfield, University of New South Wales
This research suggests the most effective way for improving energy efficiency in tall buildings is a “fabric-first” approach. This involves optimizing the performance of…
The Special Nature of the European Skyscraper
Jun 2013 – CTBUH Journal, 2013 Issue II; Viewpoints: The London Conference
European architecture is at a crossroads. Its commercial and environmental realities are driving buildings ever-higher, but not all are convinced. In this article –…
Debating Tall: Is UNESCO Going Too Far?
27 Apr 2012 – CTBUH Journal, 2012 Issue II; Paul Finch, Architectural Review and UK Design Council; Marie-Noel Tournoux & Patricia Alberth, UNESCO World Heritage Centre
Controversy has erupted over development proposals in London and Liverpool in the UK, which UNESCO says will damage views of World Heritage sites. Critics counter that…
New Paradigms in High Rise Design
10 Oct 2004 – CTBUH 2004 Seoul Conference; Antony Wood, University of Nottingham
Tall Buildings are perhaps the most keenly debated building typology currently in existence. Opinion on their contribution to the urban agenda is usually clearly divided…
New Paradigms in High Rise Design
Aug 2004 – CTBUH Journal, Fall 2004; Antony Wood, University of Nottingham
Tall Buildings are perhaps the most keenly debated building typology currently in existence. By relating this to recent tall buildings internationally, the paper…

Browse hundreds of other papers published by CTBUH members on a range of multi-disciplinary subjects in the Research Papers Library

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